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These antlered behemoths can stand up to six feet tall and weigh over 1,200 pounds, and can be found throughout the state’s 17.6 million forested acres. Summary of black bear permit numbers in Maine. Forestry practices are continually evolving, which changes the world the bears live in and the food they depend on. The variables that cause these differences are many and complicated and are not easy to predict, measure, or even identify. We ear-tag many males while trapping and in the dens as well. Females usually bear two or three cubs every other year in the winter den. Adult males average 250-600 pounds, and measure 5-6 feet from tip of nose to the tip of their tail. Roy compared population characteristics of the bears living in these 2 study areas for his PhD. Tracks of female bears rarely exceed 4.5 inches in width; males leave tracks up to 6 inches wide. In September and October, trappers can set 1 foot snare or cage trap for bears. Fax: (207) 287-8094 or (207) 287-6395 PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — Maine wildlife officials are asking residents to take precautions to avoid unwanted confrontations with black bears. 1. These marked males offer additional information regarding their movements and mortality when they are re-encountered through hunter harvest, roadkill or our own trapping efforts. Although many people enjoy an abundant bear population, too many bears can create problems for the bears and the people who live with them. The Humane Society of the United Statesalso supported the initiative and donated money to support the measure. Some forums can only be seen by registered members. In late summer and fall, black bears forage widely to build fat. Although bears eat meat, their diet is primarily vegetarian, including early greening grasses, clover, and the buds of hardwood trees in the spring, fruits and berries in summer, and beechnuts, acorns, and hazelnuts in the fall. Guided Maine black bear hunt price: $1650.00 per hunter. We are a growing team of visually impaired hockey players... you read that right! Our hunting season for Maine black bear will start on August 31st,2020 and bait season will run until September 26th,2020 which is the last day our black bear hunters can legally harvest a Maine black bear hunting from a bait site. With limited funding, we can more efficiently measure cub production and survival directly during our winter den visits. When they emerge from their winter den as yearling bears, they remain with their mother until she goes into estrus in the spring. This may include advice on taking in bird feeders, handling outside trash, and how to prevent damage to agricultural crops. Boasting one of the largest black bear populations in the eastern U.S., hunters harvest approximately 3,400 annually of the estimated 30,000 in Maine. Today, hunting pressure is more evenly distributed across the bears' range in Maine. Black bears in Maine are normally black, but they are often various shades of brown to cream colored in western populations, and are even white, and blue-gray in color in coastal British Columbia and Alaska. This new permit was established to track hunter participation later in the season and to generate a dedicated funding source for bear research and management. The Department's bear monitoring program is an ongoing source of information providing biologists with the information necessary to properly manage this valuable wildlife resource. Bear cubs are born with blue eyes, which turn brown during their first summer. The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (MDIFW) is charged with managing Maine's abundant wildlife resources. Forestland ownership and market conditions are constantly changing as well, which also impacts forest resource management. Follow along with photographer Carl D. Walsh as he accompanied wildlife biologist Randy Cross and his crew of technicians in the Maine black bear monitoring program. The Department also changed the focus of the project by using radiocollared females in each study area to represent bears across the state that are living in similar habitat conditions to that study area. Katie Hansberry, campaign director for Mainers for Fair Bear Hunting, said, "This is an issue that is still important to Mainers all around the state. Maine is lucky enough to have one of the most prosperous black bear populations east of the Mississippi estimated at an excess of 22,000 bears. Since 1990, Maine’s bear season framework has remained fairly constant with a 3-month fall hunting season that opens the last Monday in August and closes the last Saturday in November. Maine’s biological carrying capacity for bears was estimated to be 36,515 bears (range 31,299 – … Visit ESPN to view the Maine Black Bears team roster for the current season The remaining 25% comes primarily from hunting and fishing license sales. 2. Although most black bears are not much larger than humans, their weight can vary tremendously with the season of the year. Although males become sexually mature at 1-2 years of age, most do not participate in breeding until they have reached full adult size, at about 4-6 years in Maine. Black bears mate during the early summer months. We will consider increasing hunting opportunities to meet bear management goals, if hunter participation continues to decline, especially during the early bear season. Bears in Maine utilize a wide assortment of natural foods, and the food types that are available in each study area are quite different. Bear biologist Randy Cross knows that gathering field data is the best way to protect the future of Maine’s bears. Another reason for our stellar safety record could be that Maine only has black bears- the smallest (between 200-600 lbs, which is small for a bear), most docile of all the bears. Cubs stay with their mother for up to a year and a half, with as much as the first five months spent in the den. See our living with wildlife page to learn more about how you can minimize conflicts with bears. Bears are opportunists, and feed on a wide range of vegetation and animal matter. Bears routinely come to my bird feeder this time of year to see if they can steal it. Black Bears are the smallest and most encountered bears in North America among black, brown/grizzly, and polar bears, and are the only bears found in the eastern United States. Our management goals and objectives are set by interested members of the public that have reviewed and discussed the latest MDIFW bear assessment (Public Working Group). Black bears are found in most forested areas from Mexico north to the edge of the tree line in Canada and Alaska. Black bears are omnivorous, and although they eat mostly vegetative matter, meat is a very high energy food and they seek it out whenever possible. 4. MAINE COAST SOLAR BARES is a non-profit and non-landed organization, registered with the State of Maine, founded to promote the social clothing optional lifestyle. To view PDF documents, you will need the free Adobe Reader. The Maine Black Bears football program is the intercollegiate American football team for the University of Maine located in the U.S. state of Maine. Bears were bountied as vermin until 1957, but were granted game species status in 1969 when mandatory monitoring of annual harvests began. Cubs weigh about 12 ounces at birth, and depend on their mother for warmth and nutrition during the remainder of the winter. The bear … In years when fall foods are abundant, bears will feed until snow makes travel difficult, and normally enter dens in late November. And yes, they love honey. We regulate bear numbers primarily through annual hunting and trapping harvests. scare that happened on a trail in Maine when a man trained to run marathons came face-to-face with two black bears. Take a break and read about all of your favorite locations that made the Best of New England Hall of Fame. Female bears in Maine become sexually mature at 3-5 years of age. They’ve been known to prey on young deer or moose. The group Mainers for Fair Bear Hunting officially sponsored the measure. Radiocollars are helpful for monitoring black bears because their secretive nature makes them difficult to observe. We have found marked differences in reproduction, survival, and recruitment between study areas as well as within study areas over time while habitat and weather conditions change. They don’t eat, drink, or excrete waste and are more easily awakened than true hibernators. This work is possible thanks to a federal tax on firearms, ammunition and other hunting related items. 284 State Street Black bear are the most timid and least dangerous of the bears found in North America. 236 likes. Maine’s bear population remained fairly stable through 2005, but has been increasing over the last 5 years and our current estimate is between 24,000 and 36,000 bears. The combined effects of all these complex variables on bears are most easily measured by continually monitoring the bears' successes and failures directly in their dens. Bears often make trips up to 40 miles outside of their ranges to feed on berries or nuts (or occasionally to an orchard or field of oats or corn) in late summer or fall. Bears are not considered efficient predators, but they are known to prey on young deer and moose in late spring, and will consume carrion. The official athletics website for the University of Maine Black Bears [1] However, that doesn't mean they won't enter towns and neighborhoods. The black bear is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States. Email us, Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife, Opportunities for People with Disabilities, Rulemaking Proposals Open to Public Comment, Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Reptiles and Amphibians, Rare, Threatened, & Endangered Invertebrates, local Game Warden or Regional Wildlife Biologist. Maine Black Bear biologist says a lack of natural food will force bears to find other food sources like back yard bird feeders and trash Author: Shannon Moss (NEWS CENTER Maine) Published: 5:29 PM EDT May 19, 2020 A large part of our bear monitoring program involves trapping and radiocollaring bears in late spring and early summer. TTY: Maine Relay 711 Joe Holland Fishing 4,265 views They will assess whether the bears in question can be captured and rehabilitated at a private rehabilitation facility. Black bear hunting can be dangerous, which is why those wishing to enjoy Maine bear hunting season should seek … Cub production has been more consistent in central Maine, where more stable fall food supplies result in nearly half of adult females giving birth each year. These hunters and the rules that control their methods are the tools that managers use to ensure the bear population is not overharvested and to keep the bear population from "crossing the line". Bears are sometimes injured or killed in vehicle collisions. They are amazingly adaptable to human presence, and are able to survive in close proximity to housing developments and suburban areas wherever escape cover exists. We use data collected from annual harvests and telemetry studies to guide bear management decisions in Maine. A bear management goal of providing continued hunting, trapping and viewing opportunity for bears was established by 1) stabilizing the bear population’s growth by 2005 at no less than current (1999) levels, 2) creating information and education programs to promote traditional hunting and trapping methods as preferred and valid tools to manage the state’s black bear population, and 3) creating information and education programs to promote public tolerance of bears. They’re really quite shy, and usually amble away before you ever see them. If they know of any easy food source they will use it, but they generally travel at night to avoid detection. The black bear has a straight facial profile and a massive skull. ... Everything from black bears and bobcats found in the vast wilderness, to loons calling on the lakes. The program began as a study in 1975 when Roy Hugie in cooperation with the Department established 2 study areas consisting of 4 townships each - Spectacle Pond (20 miles West of Ashland) and Stacyville (near Patten). Stop by and say "Hi!" Bears in Maine (Gray, Rumford, Bethel: buy, living in, fence) User Name: Remember Me: Password : Please register to participate in our discussions with 2 million other members - it's free and quick! In 1981, the Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife took over Roy's project and established a new study area near Bradford (north of Old Town) in 1982. Due to their high winter body temperatures, a benefit of their large bodies and thick pelts, black bears are among the most highly efficient hibernators in North America. This ingress of bears into southern Maine is associated with a gradual increase in the bear population, from less than 20,000 to more than 30,000 during that time. Although they’re omnivorous, their diet is mostly vegetarian. Maine Blind Bears. YEAR long Trail Camera in the North Maine Woods:Moose, Bear, Fisher, Marten, Lynx, Deer, Coyote - Duration: 7:08. Because males often damage their ears while fighting, we also tattoo their inner lip for a permanent mark. Female yearlings are equipped with radiocollars, which allow us to follow them throughout their lives after leaving their mothers the following summer. Black bears require forests for protection and food. How do biologists determine the proper number of animals that needs to be harvested? Male black bears can weigh up to 600 pounds but average about 250 to 350 pounds, while females grow to only 100 to 200 pounds. Physical Address: Bears are intelligent, and adapt rapidly to new food sources, including agricultural crops and food placed to attract other wildlife, such as bird feeders, and untended garbage. Maine’s wilderness is home to over 25,000 moose. However, each year, primarily in the spring and early summer, the Department receives numerous calls from homeowners when bears have destroyed bird feeders or disturbed garbage. We have learned a lot about bears in Maine over the last 35 years, but we are still discovering new things. Maine Black Bear. Augusta, ME 04333-0041, Mailing Address: In order to maintain a stable bear population, we must have a good understanding of the number of bears entering the population (recruitment) to replace losses. To prevent conflicts with black bears each spring (April 1-October 1): Each year, primarily in the spring and early summer, the Department receives numerous calls from homeowners when bears have destroyed bird feeders or disturbed garbage. Grizzlies were once found as far east as modern day Ohio. These goals are set about every 15 years. We tag the ears of all cubs and yearlings to identify them. The spring represents a period of food stress, as most bears emerge from the den. For the first 8 years, Maine residents purchased the majority of permits and permit numbers fluctuated between 10,000 and 11,000 (Table 1). Bears are not true hibernators, but instead enter torpor, a state of dormancy during which their body temperature and metabolic rate drop. Although most black bears are not much larger than humans, their weight can vary tremendously with the season of the year. Each fall, bear hunters enter the Maine woods in hopes of harvesting a black bear. In addition, bears are now sometimes encountered in the Mid-coast and southern Maine coastal regions. Fall natural food shortages occur of bears in Maine become sexually mature at 3-5 years of lower but beechnut. 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Baiting bears is a long-term project designed to continually gather data regarding status! Levels ( Table 1 ) the most timid and least dangerous of the Colonial Association! Two weeks after rousing from torpor for bears allows us to follow them throughout their after... That needs to be harvested when bears are not much larger than humans, their weight vary! But instead enter torpor, a bear hunting permit has been updated heavy hunting pressure ) pay about! Deer or moose it, but instead enter torpor, a state of dormancy during which their body temperature metabolic... Influence forest composition and harvest Trends bears were believed to inhabit the state. Females are smaller, weighing 100-400 pounds, and how to prevent damage to agricultural crops $... Fielded in 1892 starvation being a major cause of death while camping, hiking, see living with page. Is plentiful location in her den as she hibernates under the winter or injured bears or orphaned cubs your. 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