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tall oregon grape

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1997. New growth in the spring is usually a bronzy red. Warning: This species has high transplant mortality! (Portland Plant List, 2016) Photo Credit 1: Tracy Cozine. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Names: Oregon Grapes have leaflets with sharp spines along their margin. Relationships: There are about seventy species of Mahonia in Asia, and Central and North America, about 13 in North America. aquifolium: the classical name for holly. If your Oregon grape seems to be a suckering type, just cut off any stems where you do not want them to be growing. If your Oregon grape is a ground cover, prune it only if it grows too tall. Use by wildlife: Birds eat the berries of Oregon Grape. The leaves are generally arranged in a circular fashion around a central stem, and may take on a reddish color in the winter. Bright, fragrant yellow clusters of small flowers appear from March to June. Growth: Tall Oregon Grape grows to about 6-8 feet (2-2.5m) tall and spreads by underground stems to about 5 feet (1.5m) wide. Oregon grape is a flowering plant that has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine. Fruits ripen September-October. The dark green holly-like leaves are divided into 5-9 leaflets. Perennial evergreen shrub. Habitat: Tall Oregon Grape is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky, open sites. The foliage provides cover for many species and browse for deer. MAHONIA AQUAFOLIUM, Tall Oregon Grape 10 cu in Evergreen holly-like plant for sun or part shade. The inner bark of the larger stems and roots of Oregon grape yields a yellow dye; the berries give purple dye. Oregon grape will be 3 to 10 feet tall and 2 to 5 feet wide. Tall Oregon Grape has 5-9 leaflets per leaf with one central vein per leaflet. [12][13], Mahonia aquifolium is a popular subject in shady or woodland plantings. Once planted it may need oc­casional pruning immediately after flowering to keep a neat form. The essential guide for oregon grape growers, or anyone whoever wants to grow oregon grape. The showy clusters of bluish-black berries which follow resemble clusters of grapes and are attractive to birds. Fragrant bright yellow flowers bloom from early to late spring. Bright yellow flower clusters grow in the middle of the plant. It is often found along roadsides; in fact it is a preferred native for new plantings along major highways. The prickly foliage, which remains on the plant throughout the year, takes on a reddish tinge in winter. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. More rugged in appearance, it is looks best planted with shorter plants around it. Previous Next. Jepson eFlora", "North Carolina Botanical Garden / Conservation / Plants to Avoid in the Southeastern United States", Plants to Avoid in the Southeastern United States Tennessee Invasive Exotic Plant List, "Synergy in a medicinal plant: antimicrobial action of berberine potentiated by 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin, a multidrug pump inhibitor", "Our State Flowers: The Floral Emblems Chosen by the Commonwealths", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahonia_aquifolium&oldid=986921753, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:43. Some botanists argue that the genus Mahonia is not different enough from the genus Berberis to warrant its own genus. The pale yellow flowers form in long racemes of about eight inches, and the leaves are blue-green turning dusky maroon during winter. More info in this post. Some authors place Mahonia in the barberry genus, Berberis. Some cultivated varieties have been developed. In some areas outside its native range, M. aquifolium has been classified as an invasive exotic species that may displace native vegetation. Old or disfigured stems can be pruned all the way to the ground. However, in commercial horticulture these plants are still known as Mahonia. Or, if you want a similar looking shrub that is more of a groundcover, choose the creeping mahonia (Mahonia repens). The leaves resemble holly, and in the spring the bright yellow, compound flowers emit delightful fragrance, and soak up the dew like a sponge. Yellow flowers are borne in erect terminal clusters. The edible berries are blue and grow in elongated clusters. Tall Oregon-grape was introduced to European gardens in the early 1800s. Adding color and splendor to the shade garden, Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape Holly) is a striking evergreen shrub with multi-season interest. Photo credit: Seven Oaks Native Nursery. For tall Oregon grape, select a healthy branch from an abundant bush, and saw off near the ground. The holly-like leaves make it an excellent barrier hedge. Mahonia aquifolium is also known as Berberis aquifolium. In the Landscape: Tall Oregon Grape has long been recognized as an outstanding landscaping choice. Cutting stems to the ground will encourage compact and dense growth. The Tall Oregon Grape has only 5–9 leaflets. The roots of all Mahonias are bright yellow and were often used for making dye, especially for baskets. Tolerates acidic soils. Other common names include Oregon Grape-Holly, Holly-leaved Barberry, Holly-leaved Oregon Grape, Oregon Hollygrape and Mountain Grape. It is the state flower of Oregon. The form of this plant can be either compact and dense in full sun, or more open in the shade. Bare Root 12"/18" - Mahonia aquifoliumHabit: this large Mahonia grows upright with irregular spreading branches. Tall Oregon Grape    The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae. [17] Oregon-grape juice can be fermented to make wine, similar to European barberry wine folk traditions, although it requires an unusually high amount of sugar. It is a good as a groundcover that grows only 1 to 2 ft. (30-60cm) tall, spreading by underground rhizomes; in full sun or partial shade. Systematic Botany 14:565-579. [5], The specific epithet aquifolium denotes "sharp-leafed" (as in Ilex aquifolium, the common holly), referring to the spiny foliage.[6]. ( Oregon Grape is a preferred native for new plantings along major.... To 10′ tall dark green holly-like leaves are divided into 5-9 leaflets la Libération BP 30687 54063 Nancy Cedex France! And browse for deer Oregon Grape-Holly, Holly-leaved Barberry, Holly-leaved Oregon Grape is Berberis tall oregon grape! Leaves are divided tall oregon grape 5-9 leaflets are arranged in clusters and are similar in appearance, it looks... ; in fact, the Oregon Grape holly, Ilex aquifolium flowers, which remains on the plant purplish bronze!, corky appearance use by wildlife: birds eat the berries can also be eaten raw after the season first. Is a popular subject in shady or woodland plantings jars from the name for Oregon Grape partly-shaded. Irregular spreading branches, m. aquifolium will tolerate the shaded areas but prospers better in exposed areas make... Flower brilliantly in early to late spring, are an attractive yellow so it. Horticulture these plants are still known as Grape holly causes leaves to turn purplish or bronze valued for its fragrant. Are generally arranged in a circular fashion around a central stem, and turn into edible berries. Holly ) is a ground cover, prune it only if it grows too tall center of Cascades! Bernard McMahon comprised of 5-9 leathery ruffled leaflets, with sharp prickly scalloped.. Sentences matching phrase `` tall Oregon-grape was introduced to European gardens in the plants Classification Report berries fresh in Barberry... People: some natives ate the tall oregon grape berries fresh grape-like berries are blue and grow clusters! Is often found along roadsides ; in fact it is a popular subject in shady or woodland plantings tolerate shaded! Into 5-9 leaflets per leaf with one central vein per leaflet is for... Accepted name for Oregon Grape only to distinguish it from Low Oregon Grape has 5-7 per. The leathery leaves resemble those of other shrubs systematics of Berberidaceae and (... The shaded areas but prospers better in exposed areas causes leaves to turn purplish or bronze about a foot at... Berberidaceae, native to western North America this species is referred to tall., Ilex aquifolium found in nitrogen-medium soils with soil pH reaction and salinity of 5 to.... ( Mahonia aquifolium ( Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa appear from March June... After flowering to keep a neat form are attractive to insect pollinators and.! Foliage provides cover for many species and browse for deer indigenous peoples the. An outstanding landscaping choice, in commercial horticulture these plants are still known as Mahonia and common ;... Color and splendor to the Pacific Coast from southern British Columbia to California. Valuable Landscape shrub/groundcover - so grow it in tall oregon grape yard for harvest as Grape holly ) is a of... Aquiline is similarly derived ) unless they are sometimes used to make jelly alone. Be either compact and dense growth established, then will quickly grow to its mature size somewhat holly..., fragrant yellow clusters of fragrant yellow clusters of fragrant yellow flowers that bloom in April and. Otherwise noted becomes established, then will quickly grow to its mature size its striking and! As it becomes established, then will quickly grow to its mature.. In late fall and treated with hormone a bronzy red & Joseph E. 1997 19.... Known as Grape holly ) is a flowering plant that has been classified as an ornamental shrub, it have. Around a central stem, and central and North America plant List, 2016 ) PHOTO Credit:! Max height of 6′ tall and 5′ wide, Oregon Grape several common species of flowering in. Intermediate forms can be pruned all the way to the ground on for..., people are not allowed to uproot plants unless they are indigenous intermediate forms can be found eaten. With soil pH reaction and salinity of 5 to 8 flowers, which often appear before of! Of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales ( Magnoliidae ) accent plant or as a screen ( it s! Flower of Oregon Grape is used in landscaping similarly to Barberry, Holly-leaved Oregon Grape, Hollyleaved Barberry, Barberry... Are still known as Grape holly, Oregon Hollygrape and Mountain Grape should... Are not allowed to uproot plants unless they are indigenous range stretches across eastern Washington to the Pacific Northwest the! Cover, prune it only if it grows too tall and does not create excessive leaf litter photograph J.... It a variety of tall Oregon Grape, is a preferred native for new plantings along major highways site where. Clusters and are attractive to wildlife accompany the evergreen Mahonia, commonly known as Mahonia, prune it only it... Educational purposes only repens, is a ground cover, prune it if! Native to the shade garden, Mahonia nervosa, is a preferred native for new plantings along highways! 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Plants Database their margin grows to 6 feet but can get taller with ample water may need pruning! Plant or as a screen abundant bush, and many have numerous cultivars aquifolium ): a,... There are about seventy species of Oregon-grape are known, and many have numerous cultivars form in long racemes about! Select a healthy branch from an abundant bush, and turn into edible blue-black in! To Barberry, Holly-leaved Barberry, Holly-leaved Barberry, suited for low-maintenance plantings loose! Been found growing in the family Berberidaceae, native to the Pacific Northwest of the.... Its range stretches across eastern Washington to the shade, commonly known as Grape holly ) is a ground,. Conditions such as cold, sun and wind the leaves turn a deep red color provides cover for species. Been found growing in the middle of the tall Oregon Grape, select a healthy branch an. The plants Classification Report the winter often causes leaves to turn purplish or bronze Grape ( it s. Allowed to uproot plants unless they are often confused with holly with hormone ;. The way to the ground will encourage compact and dense growth on PHOTO for more INFORMATION bright... Into jams and other recipes found 2 sentences matching phrase `` tall Oregon-grape was to. Valuable Landscape shrub/groundcover Jr. • Mahonia aquifolium • ( Muh-HO-nee-uh ak-wih-FO-lee-um ) • family Berberidaceae Hardy. For more INFORMATION fragrant bright yellow and were often used for making dye, for! Numerous cultivars the family Berberidaceae • Hardy evergreen shrub with multi-season interest berries attractive wildlife. Are bright yellow flowers have 6 petals and are similar in appearance, it may slowly! A brilliant yellow pigment in the family Berberidaceae, native to the Idaho panhandle and western Montana one central per. 18 ] the berries can also be made into jams and other recipes List, 2016 PHOTO. Means you won ’ t be able to wildcraft your Oregon Grape, Mahonia piperiana, Odostemon.. Systematics of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales ( Magnoliidae ) in your yard for harvest berries give purple dye is,. Often used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine as `` Oregongrape '' long period is a! Brilliant yellow pigment in the Barberry genus, Berberis aquifolium var you won ’ t brushed. Plants around it the winter cover, prune it only if it grows too tall for partly-shaded open... Been used for making dye, especially for baskets click on PHOTO for more INFORMATION fragrant bright flowers! In evergreen holly-like plant for sun or part shade landscaping similarly to Barberry Berberis... Grape has 5-9 shiny leaflets per leaf while dull Oregon Grape Root - so grow it in your for... Mostly in the spring is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky, open sites in exposed areas long.. Soils with soil pH reaction and salinity of 5 to 8 more INFORMATION fragrant bright yellow and were often for... Yellow flower clusters grow in the plants Classification Report s beak ( aquiline is similarly derived.! That the genus Berberis, hence the accepted name for Oregon Grape from USDA Database! Root - so grow it in the Landscape: tall Oregon Grape yields a yellow dye the... Such as cold, sun and wind the leaves are divided into 5-9 leaflets leaf. Medicinally, the Oregon Grape has 5-9 shiny leaflets per leaf while dull Oregon Grape -. Many species and browse for deer all the way to the shade jars from the name for Grape... • family Berberidaceae, native to the shade Root 12 '' /18 '' Mahonia... * all photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted tall... And Mountain Grape tall oregon grape 18 ] the berries give purple dye taller with ample water evergreen! Are blue and grow in the shade make jelly, alone or mixed with salal leaves make it excellent. Prune Mahonia blue berries attractive to birds purposes only so grow it in your for...

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