The bridge was designed by engineers G. Fischer, T. Jahnke und P. Stein from the firm Gutehoffnungshütte Sterkrade AG, Oberhausen-Sterkrade. Combine bridge and ferry. According to the 2008 Danish–German treaty, the bridges did not have to be replaced, and the double-track railway construction in Germany may be delayed by up to seven years. The Swedish government has in 2020 decided to financially support international night trains Malmö-Brussels which are expected to run in 2022 (connecting to a train from Stockholm, needing 17 hours Stockholm-Brussels). , There are complaints from some Swedish politicians over the long train travel times between Copenhagen and Hamburg and the lack of night trains, which are impractical to load aboard the ferries.  Construction estimates cover the period from 1 April 1998 until the opening of the fixed link in 2021, a timing which has been postponed. Fehmarn Sound bridge seen from Wulfener Hals, "Railway Gazette: Fehmarn Belt tunnel preferred", "Gutachten: Fehmarnsundbrücke nicht belastbar genug", Pictures of the construction and opening of the bridge, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fehmarn_Sound_Bridge&oldid=990626346, Buildings and structures in Schleswig-Holstein, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Danish-language sources (da), Articles with German-language sources (de), Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with clearance, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 15:58. At the same time as the opening of the bridge, changes were made to ferry services.  In 2020 it was delayed to 2029. The single-level, sectional arrangement of the two road and rail tubes side-by- side – with the road West and the railway East – coincide with the arrangement of the existing road and rail infrastructure and requires no weaving to connect. The 963-metre-long (3,159 ft) crossing includes the 248-metre-long (814 ft) network arch bridge which carries road and rail over the 1,300-metre-wide (4,265 ft) Fehmarn Sound.  According to the senior project managers, as well as being the world's longest immersed tunnel, it will be the world's longest combined road and rail tunnel; the world's longest under water tunnel for road; the deepest immersed tunnel with road and rail traffic; and the second deepest concrete immersed tunnel. Although originally conceived as a bridge, Femern A/S (the Danish state-owned company tasked with designing and planning the link) announced in December 2010 that a tunnel was preferable, and the tunnel idea received support from a large majority of the Danish parliament in January 2011. , The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link and its double-tracks will shorten the rail journey from Hamburg to Copenhagen from four hours and 58 minutes to three hours and 15 minutes. The 18 km immersed Fehmarnbelt tunnel will connect Denmark and Germany. , On 13 December 2018, the European Court ruled in favour of Scandlines in case T‑630/15 regarding state aid.  Hence, there will probably be congestion and delays on the German side of the bridge, with this much traffic, if the track widening is delayed.  Arguments brought forward in favour of a tunnel include its starkly reduced environmental impact, its independence from weather conditions, as crosswinds can have considerable impact on trucks and trailers, especially on a north–south bridge. An expected EU subsidy of between €600 million and €1.2 billion will be given. , This project is comparable in size to that of the Øresund Bridge or the Great Belt Bridge.  But a replacement of the Storstrøm Bridge has been contracted and is slated for completion in 2022, because of its bad condition. , The Commission has claimed on September 28, 2018, that there has been no unlawful aid. The Fehmarn Sound Bridge (German: Fehmarnsundbrücke) connects the German island of Fehmarn in the Baltic Sea with the German mainland near Großenbrode.. This cost is more than double of what would be if following the legal requirements for a 160 km/h railway (the originally decided speed). The link is an immersed tunnel which will cross the Fehmarn Belt in the Baltic Sea to connect the Danish island of Lolland and the German island of Fehmarn. It will shorten the travel time between Lolland and Fehmarn from 45 minutes by ferry to 10 minutes by car and seven minutes by train. , In February 2015, the draft bill for the construction was introduced to the Danish parliament, and the Danish government submitted an application for DKK 13 billion (€1.7 billion) in EU grants, supported by Germany and Sweden. On 3 September 2008, the ministers of transportation from Denmark and Germany. The precast concrete tunnel sections will have a rectangular cross-section that is about 40 metres (130 ft) wide and 10 metres (33 ft) high, containing four separate passageways (two for cars and two for trains), plus a small service passageway: There will be separate Northbound and Southbound tubes for vehicles, each 11 metres (36 ft) wide, each with two travel lanes and a breakdown lane; while the Northbound and Southbound passageways for trains will be 6 metres (20 ft) wide each and about 10 metres (33 ft) high; the service passageway will be 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide; the standoff space between each "tube" will vary, but the overall width will be 41.2 metres (135 ft). Erfurt. , New links at the Fehmarn Sound (1 kilometre (0.62 mi) long) and Storstrømmen (slightly more than 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long) are planned. The Danish, Swedish, Norwegian governments and the European Union say a bridge should connect the strait that separates Germany and Denmark near Kiel. Aug 27, 2013 - Fehmarn Belt Bridge Hamburg, Germany to Copenhagen, Denmark , When the Danish Folketing (parliament) ratified the project in March 2009, its cost was estimated at 42 billion DKK (€5 billion). Tickets for: Gedser-Rostock and The Øresund Bridge The rest is a two-lane expressway. In December 2010, it was announced that a tunnel would be used rather than a bridge, as this would present fewer construction risks than a cable-stayed bridge that would be pushing the limits of the technology. A bored tunnel was deemed too expensive.. As the bridge was built during the Cold War, six explosive vaults were embedded below the approach road on the mainland side to be used in case of invasion. The new bridge and ferry changes brought about a substantial time saving for both road and rail traffic along the so-called Vogelfluglinie (literally "bird flight line") from Hamburg to Copenhagen. The cheapest way to get from Germany to Denmark costs only 222 kr, and the quickest way takes just 2¾ hours. In 2020 it was decided to build the Fehmarn Sound Tunnel. The Fehmarn Belt bridge was originally expected to be completed by 2018. Furthermore, it is claimed that the project might be economically unjustified, as predictions of passenger traffic and goods transport may be overestimated and there is a considerable risk that the investment will not be recouped. It will be one of Europe's largest public works projects and is slated to open in 2018. In March 2019 Femern A/S decided on government request to start large preparatory work on land, such as building a factory for concrete tunnel elements., On 3 March 2020, the German Federal Ministry of Transport, the State of Schleswig-Holstein and Deutsche Bahn announced that a new 1.7 km long immersed, On 30 April 2020 it was announced by Femern A/S that work is scheduled to begin on 1 January 2021, although it is possible this will be delayed due to the effects of the, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 20:54. The four pillars in the substructure of the bridge would probably have been about 280 metres (920 ft) tall, with vertical clearance about 65 metres (213 ft) above sea level, allowing ocean-going ships to pass beneath it. , The European Union has designated this project as one of the 30 prioritised transport infrastructure projects (TEN-T) and will support the project with a contribution, probably around 5–10%, amounting to an expected €600 million to €1.2 billion.  The Schleswig-Holstein state government announced in 2013 it envisioned the construction of a new Fehmarn Sound link or an upgrade of the current Fehmarn Sound Bridge, since it considered the current bridge – with two lanes for road traffic and one track for rail traffic – to be a bottleneck for the German hinterland connection. Kramerbrucke Erfurt. Train tickets Germany to Denmark and Sweden. These parameters give a total of some 20,000,000 cubic metres (710,000,000 cu ft) of soils to be dredged. , Planned immersed tunnel connecting Denmark and Germany, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Angesichts der aktuellen Verkehrsprognosen ist es fraglich, ob der Nutzen des Projektes so steigt, dass die zu erwartenden Kosten unter wirtschaftlichen Aspekten gerechtfertigt sind. The construction of Fehmarn Belt, an 18km-long tunnel between Denmark and Germany, took a step closer yesterday after the Danish parliament voted to proceed with the scheme. Alternatively, you can train via Hamburg, which costs 550 kr - 1200 kr and takes 7h 6m, you could also bus, which costs 190 kr - 250 kr and takes 8h 59m. There are ferries between Helsingborg in Sweden and Helsingør in Denmark, 37 € for a single ticket for a normal car including passengers if sailing with Scandlines, and 250 DKK for the same if sailing with HH Ferries. This project is comparable in size to that of the Øresund Bridge or the Great Belt Bridge.  By 2012, therefore, the completion date had been pushed back to 2021, and in 2014 was estimated to be 2024, and then in 2015 delayed further to 2028. Remember though that the Øresund Bridge (260 DKK for a car less than 6 metres long) and the Storebælt Bridge (205 DKK) both cost money.  The government of Denmark will own the fixed link outright, will be allowed to keep tolls after the loans have been repaid, and will enjoy any employment opportunities at the toll station. Denmark will be solely responsible for guaranteeing the funding of the project at an estimated cost of 35 billion kroner or (€4.7 billion) and German participation will be limited to the development of the land-based facilities on the German side. The best way to get from Denmark to Germany is to fly which takes 2h 42m and costs 320 kr - 1500 kr. The proposed design would have carried four motorway lanes and two railway tracks. Fehmarn is connected with the German mainland by the Fehmarn Sound Bridge, and Lolland is connected by a tunnel and bridges with Zealand via the island of Falster, which in turn is connected with the Swedish mainland via the Øresund Bridge. The Sydney Harbour Bridge Climb is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Australia, and officials hope that Lillebæltsbroen can replicate the success in Denmark. Rome2rio makes travelling from London Bridge (Station) to Denmark Hill easy. kr", "Good progress in the Fehmarn project - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", "German approval of the Fehmarnbelt tunnel ready to be signed - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", "Femern A/S receives German plan approval for Fehmarnbelt tunnel in Kiel - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", Fehmern Belt Fixed Link rail connection information brochure, Femern A/S launches major construction works on the Fehmarn tunnel, "Work on €7.4bn Fehmarnbelt tunnel to begin on 1 January 2021", "Bundesrichter weisen Klagen gegen Fehmarnbelttunnel ab", "A Tunnel Divides Them: Germans and Danes Split over Undersea Link", "Germany, Denmark to Build Controversial New Bridge", "Expert Report on the Traffic Forecasts and Cost Calculations of the Proposed Fixed Fehmarnbelt Link, Munich 2008", "EU transport infrastructures: more speed needed in megaproject implementation to deliver network effects on time", "Vorplanung zur Schienenhinterlandanbindung der Festen Fehmarnbeltquerung", Brussels-Malmö night train comes one step closer, Information on the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link on the website of the Greens/EFA in the European Parliament, Dynamic map comparing proposed bridge and tunnel routes, Ramboll's Project Manager blogs about the tunnel, Ramboll's project description of the tunnel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fehmarn_Belt_Fixed_Link&oldid=991789575, Buildings and structures in Schleswig-Holstein, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with unknown parameters, Pages using infobox bridge with empty coordinates parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with Danish-language sources (da), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Fehmarn Belt Tunnel (Rødbyhavn–Puttgarden), 200 km/h, to be completed in 2028, On 29 June 2007 an interim agreement was reached in. 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