If it is not a registered document, the only consequence provided in Section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908 is to declare that such document shall have no effect for the purposes of Section 53-A of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. ii. i. It is settled law that even in the absence of specific plea by the opposite party, it is the mandate of the statute that plaintiff has to comply with section 16 (c) of the Specific Relief Act and when there is non compliance with this statutory mandate, the court is not bound to grant specific performance and is left with no other alternative but to dismiss the suit. A power of attorney is a document of convenience. (b) any other person claiming under him by a title arising subsequently to the contract, except a transferee for value who has paid his money in good faith and without notice of the original contract; (c) any person claiming under a title which, though prior to the contract and known to the plaintiff, might have been displaced by the defendant; (d) when a company has entered into a contract and subsequently becomes amalgamated with another company, the new company which arises out of the amalgamation; (e) when the promoters of a company have, before its incorporation, entered into a contract for the purpose of the company and such contract is warranted by the terms of the incorporation, the company; Provided that the company has accepted the contract and communicated such acceptance to the other party to the contract.”. It is well settled therein that an agent acting under a power of attorney always acts, as a general rule, in the name of his principal. The contents of Article 48 (f) of the Indian Stamp Act as applicable to Delhi would not be applicable because here the power of attorney is not executed for consideration, X and Y being relatives. Invest Import - 1981 (1) SCC 80, reiterated the classic definition of `discretion' by Lord Mansfield in R. vs. Wilkes - 1770 (98) ER 327, that `discretion' when applied to courts of justice, means sound discretion guided by law. It may be by a single document signed by both parties. So, here the power of attorney needs to be stamped at Rs. But if the suit for specific performance is filed with an additional prayer for delivery of physical possession from the tenant in possession, then the tenant will be a necessary party in so far as the prayer for actual possession. (See: Syed Dastagir V/s T.R. This was the course followed by the Calcutta High Court in – Kafiladdin v. Samiraddin, AIR 1931 Cal 67 (C) and appears to be the English practice. No substituted performance of contract can be undertaken unless the party who suffers such breach has given a notice in writing, of not less than 30 days, to the party in breach calling upon him to perform the contract within such time as specified in the notice, and on the refusal or failure of the party in breach to do so, the party at sufferance can get the same performed by a third party or his own agency. A suit for specific performance of contract often relates to the buying and selling of real estate. 177 (Ori),  K. Simrathmull V/s Nanjalingiah Gowder, AIR 1963 SC 1182,  Bayanabai Kaware V/s Rajendra, (2018) SCCR 1,  CIT V/s Motor and General Stores (P) Ltd., AIR 1968 SC 200,  State of Rajasthan V/s Basant Nahata, (2005) 12 SCC 77,  Kasthuri Radhakrishnan & Ors V/s M. Chinniyan & Anr, (2016) 3 SCC 296,  It is a settled law that, in construing a plea in any pleading, courts must keep in mind that a plea is not an expression of art and science but an expression through words to place facts and law of one’s case for a relief before the court of law. (5) Subject to the provisions of the Indian Limitation Act, 1877 (15 of 1877), section 22, the proceedings as against any person added as defendant shall be deemed to have begun only on the service of the summons.”. . The only reason which make it necessary to make a person a party to an action is that he should be bound by the result of the action and the question to be settled, therefore, must be a question in the action which cannot be effectually and completely settled unless he is a party. The Law of Contract is based on the ideal of freedom of contract and it provides the limiting principles within which the parties are free to make their own contracts. In case of breach of contract, the general remedy available to the aggrieved party is compensation or damages of loss suffered. It authorizes the attorney to create, assign, declare, extinguish or relinquish interest in the immovable property on behalf of the owner of the property. The Specific Relief Act, 1963 deals with the remedies granted at the discretion of the court for the enforcement of individual civil rights. In the matter of: Vimla Devi V/s Pushpa Devi & Anr, it was held that, according to the purport of Section 202 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, where the agent has himself an interest in the property which forms the subject-matter of the agency, the agency cannot, in the absence of an express contract, be terminated to the prejudice of such interest. According to the purport of Section 17 (1A) of the Registration Act, 1908, an unregistered agreement to sell cannot be made the basis for preferring a suit for part performance of the contract. In that sense both the parts refer to definite dates. It is, therefore, necessary that the person must be directly or legally interested in the action in the answer, i.e., he can say that the litigation may lead to a result which will affect him legally that is by curtailing his legal rights. The practice of the … In the case of Vidhur Impex (supra), the Supreme Court again had the opportunity to consider all the earlier judgments. The court can strike out any party who is improperly joined. It is a settled proposition of law that, an agreement of sale comes into existence when the vendor agrees to sell and the purchaser agrees to purchase, for an agreed consideration on agreed terms. But that appears to be a desirable consequence of the rule rather than its main objectives. Gopalakrishna Setty, (1999) 6 SCC 337),  Amit Mondal V/s Pannalal Das & Ors, 2018 (1) Civ. In exercising its judicial discretion under Order 1 Rule 10(2) of the Code, the court will of course act according to reason and fair play and not according to whims and caprice. Cases 467. FACTS: The issue in the suit for specific performance was whether the agreement to sell dated 15.05.1990 executed by defendant in favor of the plaintiff would be enforceable in …  Moreover, it is intrinsic to note the difference between ‘sale’ and ‘exchange’ of property. Creation of lease is not a collateral purpose nor are the terms of lease ‘collateral’ within the meaning of Section 49 of the Registration Act, 1908. Perform his part of the Registration Act, 1955 by an instrument or by agreement... Any immovable property, LL.B sell was issued on may 7, 2002 by the laws of relating! Or engraved substance containing defamatory matter the foundation of the specific Relief ( Amendment ) Act, 1963 deals the... Decision: 25.10.2013, and, Coram: Rajiv Shakdher, J donor so as to the... 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